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The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in 1918.
A) True
B) False

Last updated date: 12th Jul 2024
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Hint: Jallianwala Bagh is a historic garden and "nationally significant shrine" in Amritsar, India, dedicated to those who were injured or killed in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on the Baisakhi festival on April 13, 1919. It has a museum, a gallery, and many memorials structures.

Complete answer:
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, occurred on April 13, 1919, in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, when Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer directed British Indian Army troops to fire their rifles into a crowd of unarmed Indian civilians, killing at least 379 people and injuring over 1,200 others.

On April 13, 1919, Dyer, convinced that a major insurrection was imminent, banned all meetings. Many villagers gathered in the Bagh to celebrate Baisakhi, a significant Hindu and Sikh festival, and peacefully protest the arrest and deportation of two national leaders, Satyapal and Saifuddin Kitchlew. Dyer and his troops entered the garden, closing the main entrance behind them, took up position on a raised bank, and opened fire on the crowd without warning for about ten minutes, focusing on the few open gates from which people were attempting to flee, until the ammunition supply was nearly exhausted.

Now let us look at the options:
A) True: This option is incorrect because the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on 13 April, 1919.
B) False: This is the correct option. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre occurred on April 13, 1919, in Amritsar, Punjab, when British troops opened fire on a large crowd of unarmed Indians in an open space known as the Jallianwala Bagh.

Thus, the correct answer is Option B. False.

Note: The degree of casual violence and lack of transparency astounded the entire country, leading to a wrenching loss of confidence in the UK's intentions among the general Indian public. The unsuccessful investigation, combined with the initial praise for Dyer, stoked widespread anti-British sentiment in India, resulting in the Non-cooperation movement of 1920–22.