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The first railway line India was laid between Bombay and _________________.
A.Madras
B.Thane
C.Pune
D.Surat

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:It is the milestone for the history of Indian railway. It was contributed by Lord Dalhousie on 16 April 1853.

Complete answer:
The first railway train, which ran between Bombay to Thane on 16 April 1853 , was contributed by Lord Dalhousie. 16 April 1853 this date is considered one of the important milestones in the pathway of the rail revolution in India. It was a 14 -carriage and the train was hauled by three steam locomotives. The locomotives are called the Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan. The train traveled 34kilometers, carrying 400 people. The Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR) has a huge role in the construction of trains. The passenger line was built by GIPR and also operated by GIPR. In that period we can see the alliance of East India Company. After the success of this train that was lead to the introduction of new trains such as railways in Eastern India in 1854 and South India in 1856 and also we can see the opening of the Calcutta-Delhi line in 1864 and the Allahabad-Jabalpur line in 1867, these lines were linked with the GIPR to create a 4000 -mile network spanning the width of India. They can receive a certain rate of interest on their capital investment. In total, eight railway companies were established between the years 1855 to 1860. They include Eastern India Railway, Madras Railway, Bombay Baroda, and also include Great India Peninsula Company and Central India Railway. So the great revolution happened in the field of the railway through the introduction of the first railway line from Bombay to Thane.

Hence, the correct answer is option (B).

Note:The idea of laying a railway line between Mumbai and Thane and thereafter up to Kalyan and Bhor Ghat was conceived by George Clark. Mumbai had the distinction of flagging off Asia’s first railway train. It led to the development of rail links with the rest of the country and made the city the hub of the nation’s commercial life.