Question
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The extinct human who lived 1,00,000 to 40,000 years ago in Europe, Asia and parts of Africa, with short stature, heavy eyebrows, retreating foreheads, large jaws with heavy teeth, stocky bodies, a lumbering gait and stooped posture was
A)Cro Magnon human
B)Ramapithecus
C)Homo habilis
D)Neanderthal human

Answer
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Hint: Human evolution is a series of changes through which the modern man originated from apelike ancestors. The physical and behavioural change took place over a period of six million years which led to the emergence of Homo sapiens which is a distinct species of Hominid family.

Complete answer:
To solve this question, we must know about the different species which evolved from apelike ancestors.
A)Cro Magnon human- they were the first humans of the genus Homo who had a prominent chin. They had larger brain capacity which was larger than modern humans i.e. around 1600cc. They were fairly fall as compared to primitive human species.

B)Ramapithecus- It is known as a fossil from around 14 million years ago. It is known from India and East Africa. The shape of the jaw and the teeth were in transition between the apes and humans.

C)Homo habilis- They appeared 2 million years ago. They are the extinct species of upright humans which had some similar characteristics of modern man. They had large brain cases with smaller faces and teeth.

D)Neanderthal human-They are hominids in the genus Homo. They are regarded as the subspecies of Homo sapiens. They are the extinct humans who lived 1,00,000 to 40,000 years ago in Europe, Asia and parts of Africa. They had short stature, heavy eyebrows, retreating foreheads, large jaws with heavy teeth, stocky bodies, a lumbering gait and stooped posture.

Hence, the correct answer is option (D)

Note: The East Asians have the most Neanderthal DNA in their genome. The European also has genes of Neanderthal humans. They were believed to be fair with blue-green eyes. The immune system of Neanderthal was well developed and had the ability to fight against microorganisms.