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# The audible frequency for a normal human being is 20 Hz to 20 KHz. Find the corresponding wavelength if the speed of sound in air is 320 m/s.

Last updated date: 11th Sep 2024
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Hint: Sound waves that have frequencies within the range of 20Hz-20 KHz is called audible sound. Wavelength is inversely proportional to frequency. The relation between speed of sound, frequency of sound and its wavelength is given as, speed of sound is the product of wavelength and frequency of the sound.

Formula used:
$\lambda =\dfrac{v}{f}$, where ‘$\lambda$’ is the wavelength, ‘$v$’ is the velocity and ‘$f$’ is frequency.

The audible frequency of human beings is given in the question, 20 Hz to 20 KHz.
We have to find its wavelength when the speed of sound in air is 320 m/s.
Minimum audible frequency,
${{f}_{audible}}\left( \min \right)=20Hz$
Maximum audible frequency,
${{f}_{audible}}(\max )=20KHz$
Speed of sound in air,
$v=320m/s$
We have the equation for wavelength,
$\lambda =\dfrac{v}{f}$ , Where ‘$\lambda$’ is the wavelength of the sound, ‘$v$ ‘is velocity of sound and ‘$f$ ‘is the frequency of sound.
Let${{\lambda }_{1}}$ be the wavelength corresponding to minimum audible frequency.
Then,
\begin{align} & {{\lambda }_{1}}=\dfrac{v}{{{f}_{\min }}} \\ & {{\lambda }_{1}}=\dfrac{320}{20} \\ & {{\lambda }_{1}}=16m \\ \end{align}
Now, let${{\lambda }_{2}}$ be the wavelength of maximum audible frequency
Then,
\begin{align} & {{\lambda }_{2}}=\dfrac{v}{{{f}_{\max }}} \\ & {{\lambda }_{2}}=\dfrac{320}{20KHz} \\ & {{\lambda }_{2}}=\dfrac{320}{20\times {{10}^{3}}} \\ & {{\lambda }_{2}}=16\times {{10}^{-3}}m \\ \end{align}
Therefore the corresponding wavelength to minimum frequency $=16m$
Corresponding wavelength to maximum frequency, $=16\times {{10}^{-3}}m=16mm$.

Note:
From this we can see that, for a minimum frequency we get maximum wavelength. And for maximum frequency, the wavelength we get will be minimum. I.e. We verify that wavelength and frequency are inversely proportional to each other.
To convert Kilohertz to Hertz, we multiply Kilohertz by 1000
$1KHz=1000Hz$
To convert meter to millimeter, we multiply meter with 1000.
$1m=1000mm$