The Air Act was enacted by the parliament in: (A) 1980 (B) 1981 (C) 1891 (D) 1781
Hint: The Air Act was an act to provide and enforce the prevention, control, and abatement of air pollution and for the establishment of Boards at the Central and State levels with a view of carrying out the above purposes
Complete answer: The Air Act (India) is also known as the ‘Prevention and Control of Pollution act’ 1. It was an act with the sole aim to provide and enforce the prevention, control, and abatement of air pollution and also for the establishment of Boards at the Central and State levels with a view and motive to carrying out the aforesaid purposes 2. The Air Act aims to combat air pollution by prohibiting the use of polluting fuels (coal, diesel fuel, gasoline, etc.), as well as by regulating appliances that give rise to air pollution like automobiles 3. It also enforces the need to dedicate and demarcate areas for establishing industries. These areas are known as pollutions areas 4. Under this act, State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) are set up to test the air in air pollution control areas, inspect and upgrade pollution control equipment, and manufacturing processes in industries
Note: Along with the Air Act, several other environmental laws were enacted. 1. The National Green Tribunal Act in 2010 2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act in 1974 3. The Environment Protection Act in 1986 4. The Wildlife Protection Act in 1972 5. The Forest Conservation Act in 1980, etc.
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