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Subhash Chandra Bose established the provisional government of free India at
A) Berlin
B) Bangkok
C) Singapore
D) Tokyo

Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
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Hint: The Provisional Government of Free India, also known as Azad Hind, was a nationalist movement that began outside of India in the $1940s$ with the aim of allying with the Axis powers to free India from British rule. Subhash Chandra Bose was in charge.

Complete answer:
During World War II, the Provisional Government of Free India (Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind) or simply Azad Hind was an Indian Provisional government that was formed in Japanese-occupied Singapore. It was established in October $1943$ with the help of – and reliance on – the Imperial Japanese Government.

In literal terms, the words "Azad Hind Fauj" mean "Free Indian Army." It was established in $1942$ in the southeast part of Asia, at a time when World War II was still affecting the entire globe.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose founded the Army with an alliance with imperial Japan after being inspired by Mohan Singh's organisation. In late $1942$, Mohan Singh's first Indian National Army (INA) fell apart and was disbanded. Rash Bihari Bose took over INA's duties at this time. The Army was resurrected under Bose's leadership and went on to make history in later years.

Ex-prisoners and a large number of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate community in Malaysia and Burma were recruited by the army. Later in its history, INA was able to form alliances with Imperial Japan and other axis forces. As a result, several acquisitions were made against the INA troops. The members were suspected of participating in a Japanese war crime.

Thus the correct answer is option ‘C’.

Note: Captain Lakshmi Sehgal, a revolutionary soldier, was one of the Azad Hind Fauj's most important figures. During the fight for independence, she paved the way for women to join the army. During World War II, she was held captive in Burma.