 QUESTION

# State whether the following statement is true or false. Give reasons for your answer.Every rational number is a whole number[a] True.[b] False.

Hint: In order to prove that a statement is incorrect, we have to come up with a counterexample, and in order to prove it correct, we have to come up with a formal proof. Recall the definitions of a rational number. Try finding a counterexample in the above case, i.e. find a rational number which is not a whole number.

Rational Numbers: Number which can be expressed in the form of $\dfrac{p}{q}$ where p and q are integers and $q\ne 0$ are called rational numbers.
Consider the number $\dfrac{3}{2}$.
Since 2 and 3 are integers and 2 is non-zero, we have $\dfrac{3}{2}$ is a rational number.
But $\dfrac{3}{2}$ is not a whole number.
 Every rational number is not a whole number, but every whole number is a rational number. This is because every whole number is an integer and every integer n can be expressed in the form $\dfrac{n}{1}$ and since n and 1 both are integers and 1 is non-zero, n is a rational number.