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What is reforestation?
A. Cutting of trees
B. Restocking of the destroyed forests by planting new trees
C. Conversion of fertile soil into forest
D. Conversion of forest into fertile soil.

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Deforestation is the destruction of the forests. While afforestation is the establishment of new forest at a place where there was no forest in the beginning and it is an artificial method. But reforestation can happen either naturally – by artificially or natural seeding or root suckers.

Complete answer:
The act of re-growing trees on a land surface or in an area is called reforestation. It is a deliberate or planned movement to re-grow vegetation that was lost due to human activity, sudden climate change or natural calamity. Reforestation includes the process of regenerating or planting and establishing a desired forest community on a given site. An important part of the reforestation is the selection of appropriate forest communities or tree species to manage. Common reforestation techniques include artificial and natural methods: natural regeneration methods include, natural seeding or stump sprouting, root suckering, artificial regeneration methods include ground and aerial seeding, hand planting and machine planting.
During reforestation, trees of the same species that were present before deforestation are planted. To maintain the ecological balance, it is very much important to plant at least the same count of plants that were destroyed for the benefit of humans. If the destroyed areas are left undisturbed, this process can also take place by itself.

Hence, the correct answer is option (B).

Note: Both afforestation and reforestation represent a conversion of green environment and the forests.The difference between afforestation and reforestation is still not clear as both of them refer to planting trees. Afforestation and reforestation are needed for the hour.