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**Hint:**Srinivasa Ramanujan, (born 22 December 1887, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India—died 26 April 1920, Kumbakonam), an Indian mathematician whose contributions to the theory of numbers include a seminal discovery of the properties of the partition function.

**Complete answer:**

Education: At the age of 15, Srinivasa Ramanujan received a mathematics book containing thousands of theorems, which he verified and from which he developed his own ideas. He briefly visited the University of Madras in 1903. He went to England in 1914 to study at Trinity College, Cambridge, with the British mathematician G.H. Hardy.

Contribution: Contribution: Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan made contributions to the theory of numbers, including a seminal discovery of the properties of the partition function. His articles were published in English and European journals, and he was elected to the Royal Society of London in 1918.

Srinivasa Ramanujan is known for his unique mathematical genius, which he had created entirely by himself. In 1920 he died at the age of 32, generally unknown to the world at large but regarded by mathematicians as a remarkable genius, without contemporaries after Leonhard Euler (1707–83) and Carl Jacobi (1804–51).

**Hence, the correct answer is option (B).**

**Note:**Leonhard Euler, a Swiss mathematician and physicist, was one of the founders of pure mathematics. Not only did he make decisive and formative contributions to the subjects of geometry, calculus, physics and number theory. Carl Jacobi, in full Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, a German mathematician who developed the theory of elliptical functions with Niels Henrik Abel of Norway.

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