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Question
Answers

Nowadays, India is under which stage of demographic cycle?
A. Early expanding
B. Late expanding
C. Phase of decline
D. High stationary

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: The demographic cycle refers to the evolution over time of the population profile of a defined geographical area.

Complete answer:
India is currently in the late expanding stage of the demographic cycle

Additional Information: India is currently in the third stage of the demographic cycle. During this stage, the Death rate declines more than the second stage and birth rate also tends to fall, but population tends to grow as birth rate supersedes the death rates. But rates of population growth decelerate compared to the earlier stages. Such a population growth is a steady population growth.
So, The correct option is “B”.

Note: There are 5 stages of a demographic cycle through which a nation passes.
-First stage (High stationary): This stage is characterized by a high birth rate and high death rate which cancel each other and the population remains stationary.
-Second stage (Early expanding): The death rate begins to decline while the birth rate remains unchanged, leading to rapid population growth.
-Third stage (Late expanding)- Death rate declines still further and birth rate tends to fall, but population tends to grow as birth rate supersedes the death rates, but rates of population growth decelerates.
-Fourth stage (Low stationary)- This stage is characterized by low birth and low death rate with the result that the population becomes stationary.
-Fifth stage (Declining): Population begins to decline because birth rate is lower than death rate.