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Name the areas where the mangrove forests are found in India.

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Mangrove is a shrub or small tree that has a delicate stem that grows in coastal areas with saline or brackish water. This term is also used for the vegetation of tropical coastal regions.

Complete answer:
Mangrove forests are a special type of vegetation. In India according to the Forest Survey of India, 2019, Mangroves’ cover in the country increased by 54 sq. km (91.10 percent) in comparison to the 2017 assessment. In general they are found in intertidal regions where freshwater and saltwater intermixes, in the bays, estuaries, creeks, and lagoons and also they are a variety of plants which can also survive in harsh conditions.

Mangrove represent the littoral forest ecosystem. Low lying areas of tropical and subtropical regions i.e, between 24 degrees North and 38 degrees South are home to Mangroves. They are also called Halophytes. The trees in these forests are 8-20 meters high and they have thick leaves.

There are three types of Mangrove forests:
i) Red
ii) Black
iii) White

The major mangroves in India are found at Sundarbans Groves, Mahanadi Mangroves, Krishna Godavari Mangroves, Mangroves of Gujarat, Ratnagiri Mangroves, Goa Mangroves, Cauvery Deltaic Mangroves, Krishna-Godavari Mangroves and Andaman Nicobar Mangroves.

Note: Mangrove is a shrub or small tree that has a delicate stem that grows in coastal areas with saline or brackish water. This term is also used for the vegetation of tropical coastal regions. Mangroves mostly occur between the tropics and subtropics, mainly between latitude 25° N and latitude 25° S.