Question
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When the name of the State is changed or a new State is created, the Constitution of India is required to be amended by Parliament by a
A. Simple majority as under Articles 107 & 108 of Constitution
B. Majority of total numbers of both the Houses under Article 368
C. Special majority under Article 368 of Constitution
D. Special majority after obtaining the opinion of the concerned State under Article 3 of the Constitution

Answer
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Hint: Refer to Article 3 of the Indian Constitution. The Constitution provides regulations for the renaming of a state under Article 3. A bill for the renaming or the formation of a state may be introduced in the Parliament post the recommendation of the President only. The states are formed on the basis of a certain law made by the Parliament. However, there is no need for an amendment for the renaming of a state.

Complete step by step answer:
The Constitution of India provides regulations for the renaming of a state under Article 3. A bill for the renaming or the formation of a state may be introduced in the Parliament post the recommendation of the President. The states are formed on the basis of a certain law made by the Parliament. However, there is no need for an amendment for the renaming of a state. Further, even though such law contains provisions for amendment of the 1st and the 4th schedule, the law shall not be deemed to be an amendment as mentioned in Article 368. But the bill, in order to take the force of law, must be passed by a simple majority.
So, the correct answer is Option D.

Note: Note that the states are formed on the basis of a certain law made by the Parliament. However, there is no need for an amendment for the renaming of a state. Further, even though such law contains provisions for amendment of the 1st and the 4th schedule, the law shall not be deemed to be an amendment as mentioned in Article 368. But the bill, in order to take the force of law, must be passed by a simple majority.