Commonly, pressure group is a group of people who actively organised for promoting or defending their common interest. The term ‘pressure group’ means the group which attempts to bring a change in the public policy by exerting pressure on the government. Although there is no explicit provision in the Constitution regarding PG (Pressure Group), yet they exist because of Article 19, which gives citizens the right to form associations and unions. Pressure Groups are also known as Interest Groups or Vested Groups.
Although there are various pressure groups in India, here are the few:
• All India Kishan Sabha (AIKS)
• Narmada Bachao Andolan(NBA)
• Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)
• Confederation of Indian Industry(CII)
• Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP)
These days’ pressure groups make use of social media for generating their views in public and to win their support. They publish various data and statistics in favour of their claims. However, sometimes they may even resort to illegitimate and illegal methods like strikes, violence or even bribes. In India, these groups are more dependent on means of direct action like hunger strike, demonstrations, chakka jaams etc.