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List some examples of Rabi and Kharif crops.

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Hint: Crops require particular climatic conditions for their growth.The kharif crops are sown in the rainy season from June to October and thus called monsoon or summer crop as well. Rabi crops are sown in the winter season, from November to April.

Complete Answer:
- Rabi crops- Rabi means spring.
1) The crops that are sown at the beginning of winter. Irrigation is the main factor upon which their proper growth depends as cultivation of Rabi crops occurs in the dry season.
2) These crops do not depend upon rainfall patterns.
3) Harvesting months are- March to April.

- Kharif crops- Kharif means autumn.
1) The crops that are sown at the beginning of monsoon. Kharif crops depend upon two factors- timing and quantity of rainwater.
2) Harvesting months are- September to October.
3) Time of Sowing- It depends on the arrival of monsoon in the different states of India like in Punjab and Haryana the seeds are sown in June month.

S.NoExamples of Rabi cropsExamples of Kharif crops
1.Wheat, barley, oat, peas, potato, tomato, beet, cabbage, alfalfa, garlic, onion, cumin, coriander, fennel, linseed, sunflower, mustard, amaranth, cauliflower.Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar, soybean, castor, cotton, sugarcane, turmeric, chilly, bitter gourd, guar, okra, brinjal,turmeric, ragi.
2.These crops require warm conditions for germination and cold climate for growth.Requires hot climate and water for their growth.

Note: The different types of crops include:
- Kharif crops
- Rabi crops
- Zaid crops
- Food crops
- Cash crops