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In a laboratory, the count of bacteria in a certain experiment was increasing at a rate of 2.5% per hour. Find the bacteria at the end of 2 hours if the count was initially 5,06,000.

Last updated date: 27th Mar 2023
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Hint:- For solving a given problem we use the compound interest formula. Compound interest is the interest calculated on the initial principal including the interest from the previous periods on the deposit.

Complete step-by-step solution -

Given: Initial count of bacteria(P) = 5,06,000, Increasing rate of bacteria(R)=2.5% ,Time = 2 hours
After two hours , the amount of bacteria can be given by using the compound interest formula i.e. \[{\text{Amount = P}}{\left( {1 + \dfrac{{\text{R}}}{{100}}} \right)^{\text{n}}}\] , where n is the time. Putting the values in the equation , we get
\[{\text{Amount = 506000}}{\left( {1 + \dfrac{{2.5}}{{100}}} \right)^2}\]
\[{\text{Amount = 506000}}{\left( {1 + 0.025} \right)^2}\]
\[{\text{Amount = 506000}} \times {\text{1}}{\text{.050625}}\]
\[{\text{Amount = }}\]531616.25
Hence, the number of bacteria present at the end of 2 hours will be approximately 5,31,616.

Note:- In these types of questions , the key point is to understand whether a simple interest or compound interest formula is required. In case of simple interest the principle remains constant for all periods.