Question
Answers

In a Federal State
A. States are more powerful than the Centre
B. Centre is more powerful than states
C. A Presidential form of government functions
D. Constitution effects division of powers between the Centre and States with safeguards against transgression of jurisdiction

Answer
VerifiedVerified
91.5k+ views
Hint: A federal government, also known as a federation, is a system in which power is divided between a larger body i.e. the central government, and the local or state governments underneath it. It is a political structure characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, regions or states under a larger body, i.e. the central government.

Complete step by step answer:
In a federal state, the Constitution usually divides the power between the Centre and the States while taking necessary measures to safeguard against the transgression of jurisdiction. A federal government, also known as a federation, is a system in which power is divided between a larger body i.e. the central government, and the local or state governments underneath it. A federal state (also known as a federation) is a political structure characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, regions or states under a larger body, i.e. the central government. In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the distribution of power between them and the central government, is formally and constitutionally entrenched. The decision, however, cannot be altered by a unilateral decision of either of the parties, the state or the federal. In other words, a federation is a form of government in which sovereign power is constitutionally divided between a central authority and a number of constituent local regions so that each region can retain a certain degree of control over its internal affairs.
So, the correct answer is Option D.

Note: A federal state (also known as a federation) is a political structure characterized by a union of provinces, regions or states under a larger body. In a federation, the smaller regions/provinces/states are partially self-governing. However, they come under the authority of the central government.