Identify the part of a sentence which is grammatically incorrect: [A] The cost of food grains have increased [B] so rapidly during the last two years [C] that salaried classes find it difficult [D] to save any part of their income
a) A b) B c) C d) D e) No Error
Hint: Each subject has to match the other verbs in the sentence, and their singularity or plurality must be maintained. Try to identify which verbs and subjects don’t fit.
Complete answer: In English, grammar rules are followed strictly as they can completely change the meaning of the sentence. So, tenses and verbs become very important in this language. In order for a sentence to be grammatically correct, it has to have the following: First letter and proper nouns must be capitalised The subject should match the verb, in number The tense should also be relevant to the sentence It should be properly punctuated It should have each part of speech arranged properly
Now, let’s look at the given options:
The cost of food grains have increased - In this option, the subject is ‘the cost (of food grains)’, which means that the subject is singular. However, the verb ‘have’ is not singular, it is plural, which means that it does not match the given subject. So, this part of the sentence has the error. Hence, this is the correct option.
so rapidly during the last two years - This part of the sentence contains adverbs and durations of time. Everything is arranged in the proper order, and there are no proper nouns, so none of the common nouns are capitalised. So, this is not the required answer as it has no error. Hence, this is an incorrect option.
that salaried classes find it difficult - This part of the sentence is also perfectly grammatically correct. It does not have any anomalies in it. So, this is not the required answer. Hence, this is an incorrect option.
to save any part of their income - This part of the sentence is grammatically correct as the infinitive is used in the correct place, the possessive is also being used correctly. So, this is not the required answer. Hence, this is an incorrect option.
No Error - This is an incorrect option because we already found the error in the above options.
Note: Deconstruct each option, and cross-check whether each subject matches each verb and whether everything is spelled correctly. Then, choose the option that has an error in it.