Identify the noun in Nominative case in the below sentence : The red hen jumped over the coop's fence. a) Red b) Hen c) Fence d) Over
Hint: Nominative case is the subject of the sentence, that is, the person, the thing that carries out the verb or action in the sentence. Generally, the noun that is “doing something” is in the nominative case.
Complete answer: In the given question we have to identify the noun which is in a nominative case. The nominative case is one of the grammatical cases of the noun or other parts of speech, which generally marks the subject of the sentence or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments. For example, Sharon ate pie- Sharon: noun subject in the nominative case. Now, let us examine all the given options and find out the correct answer : Option ‘a’ is red. It is an adjective and not a noun, so it cannot be the correct option. Option ‘b' is a hen. It is the noun in the nominative case in the given sentence as it is performing the action of jumping. Option ‘c' fence. It is also a noun but not in a nominative case as it is not performing any action. Hence, this is not the correct option. Option ‘d’ is over. It is a preposition and not a noun. As we have examined all the given options, we can clearly make out the correct option. Here, the noun in a nominative case, in the given sentence – “The red hen jumped over the coop's fence” is “hen”. So, the correct answer is “Option b”.
Note: When the verb is active, the nominative is the person or thing doing the action; when the verb is passive, the nominative is the person or thing receiving the action. For example The boy saw her – “the boy” is in the nominative case(active). She was seen – “She” is in a nominative case(passive).