Questions & Answers
Question
Answers

Identify the figure of speech employed in the sentence-
A man who needed medical assistance was run over by an ambulance.
a) Alliteration
b) Oxymoron
c) Personification
d) Irony

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: A figure of speech refers to a group of words that indicate a rhetorical effect. The above-given statement focuses on a man who needed medical assistance but was instead run over by ambulance, representing sarcasm or irony.

Complete answer:
As given in the hint, the above-given statement conveys a meaning that contradicts the literal meaning of its words.
In the given question- A man, ‘X’ who was in need of medical assistance was run over by an ambulance. Here, we can see the focus on the opposite of the literal meaning of the given words.
Now, let’s examine the given options-
Option a- ‘Alliteration’ is a figure of speech that includes repetition of words with the same sounds or consonants placed close together. Example- Sleep should sleep in a shed. ‘Alliteration’ does not match the criteria of the above-given statement. Hence, it is an incorrect option.
Option b- ‘Oxymoron’ is a figure of speech that includes a set of words that contradict each other. Example- Jumbo prawn. ‘Oxymoron’ does not match the criteria of the above-given statement. Hence, it is an incorrect option.
Option c- ‘Personification’ is a figure of speech that attributes human qualities, feelings, and emotions to non-living things. ‘Personification’ does not match the criteria of the above-given statement. Hence, it is an incorrect option.
Option d- ‘Irony’ is a figure of speech that focuses on illustrating the opposite meaning than the literal meaning of its words. ‘Irony’ suits the criteria of the above-given statement. Hence, it is the correct option.
So, the correct answer is “Option d”.

Note:
 Irony produces a humorous yet rhetorical effect that intends on challenging the reality by disclosing something that appears to be different from the truth.