Identify the adjective out of the given options- a) Briskly b) Costly c) Family d) Ruthlessly
Hint: An adjective refers to a word that is used to describe or modify the qualities of a noun or a pronoun. Example- She sat on a fluffy cushion. Here, ‘fluffy’ is an adjective that is used to describe the noun, ‘cushion’.
Complete answer: We can form adjectives with the help of nouns and verbs by adding a suitable suffix to the noun form or verb form of a word. Example- (1) She avoided the dangerous path. Here, ‘dangerous’ is an adjective that is formed by adding the suffix ‘ous’ to the noun, ‘danger’. (2) This is the only readable book. Here, ‘readable’ is an adjective that is formed by adding the suffix ‘able’ to the verb, ‘read’. Now, let’s look at the given options- Option a- ‘Briskly’ is an adverb that is used to modify a verb or other adverbs. ‘Briskly’ refers to performing a task in an energetic and quick manner. Example- The thief briskly followed the woman. Hence, it is an incorrect option. Option b- ‘Costly’ is an adjective that is formed by adding the suffix ‘ly’ to the noun, ‘cost’. Costly refers to something that is expensive or high-priced. Example- All these luxurious cars require costly services. Hence, it is the correct option. Option c- ‘Family’ is a noun that is used to identify a household or a group of people living together. Example- My family has decided to treat us with a holiday. Hence, it is an incorrect option. Option d- ‘Ruthlessly’ is an adverb that is used to modify a verb or other adverb. ‘Ruthlessly’ refers to the act of performing a task without compassion or pity. Example- The king ruthlessly looted the poor farmers. Hence, it is an incorrect option. So, the correct answer is “Option b”.
Note: It is important to note that many nouns and verbs use their own distinct forms of suffixes to form suitable adjectives. Also, do not get confused between an adverb and an adjective.