Hint: The Integral Coach Factory is one of the oldest manufacturing units of independent India. It was started by Chief Minister K. Kamaraj and initiated by the 1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru on 2 October 1955. Later the Furnishing Division was introduced on 2 October 1962 and the manufacturing of completely outfitted coaches consistently expanded throughout the long term.
Complete answer: . Integral Coach Factory (ICF) is a producer of rail coaches situated in Perambur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It was set up in 1955 and is possessed and worked by the Indian Railways. It is situated in Perambur, in the suburbia of Chennai. The ICF is one of the three rake producer units of the Indian Railways, the other two being the Modern Coach Factory at Raebareli and the Rail Coach Factory at Kapurthala. The coaches production line principally fabricates moving stock for Indian Railways yet additionally trades railroad coaches to different nations. ICF set another record delivering 2,503 coaches in the monetary year 2017–2018. It turned into the world's biggest railroad coach producer, turning out 3,262 coaches in the financial year 2018–2019, up from 1,437 coaches in 2009–2010, hoping to create 4,000 units in the monetary year 2019–2020. A coach production unit of the Indian railroads, the ICF makes a scope of coaches, including Linke-Hofmann-Busch (LHB) ones, notwithstanding self-pushed train sets (SPTs, for example, electrical numerous units (EMU).
Option C is correct answer
Note: In 1948, the Government of India concluded that a different Railway Coach Building Works should be set up so as to achieve independence in coach for Indian Railways. A specialized Aid Agreement was finished up on 28 May 1949 with the Swiss Car and Elevator Manufacturing Corporation Ltd. of Switzerland, who have been pioneers in the field of light-weight coach working for acquiring the essential specialized help with the foundation of an industrial facility in India for building the coach. A supplemental arrangement was endorsed on 27 June 1953.