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How do Himalayas affect the climate of Asia?

Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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i) In Sanskrit, an ancient Indian language, the word "Himalaya" means "House of Snow." Since the Himalayas are so high, they have held Indian and Chinese people apart for the most part.
ii) India is a peninsula separated from the rest of Asia by mountain ranges. Since it is larger and more remote than other peninsulas, it is referred to as the Indian subcontinent.

Complete answer:
The reason behind the affecting nature of the climate of Asia:
- It traps monsoon winds from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, forcing them to release their moisture content as snow and rain across the Indian subcontinent.
- It also prevents East Asian winter storms from entering India, shielding us from extreme cold.
- The climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau is influenced by the Himalayas.
- They block cold, dry winds from blowing south into the subcontinent, keeping South Asia significantly warmer than temperate regions on other continents.

Some interesting facts about the Himalayas:
- Many people assume that the Himalayan range was created 70 million years ago after a major collision between Asian and Indian land masses.
- Mount Everest (the world's highest mountain peak) is situated in the Mahalangur region of the Himalayas and stands at a dizzying 29,029 feet.
-After Sir Andrew Waugh, the then Surveyor General of India, decided to name it Mount Everest in honour of his predecessor, Sir George Everest, in 1865, it became known as Sagarmatha (Nepal) and Chomolungma (Tibet/China).