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Hampi is located in the ________ basin.
(A)Krishna – Tungabhadra
(B)Mahanadi – Godavari
(C)Tungabhadra – Kaveri
(D)Narmada - Tapti

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Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: A river basin is the area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. By 1500 CE, Hampi-Vijayanagara had grown to become the world's second-largest medieval-era settlement, after Beijing, and India's wealthiest, attracting traders from Persia and Portugal.

Complete answer:
The Tungabhadra River is a river in India that begins and flows through the state of Karnataka for the majority of its duration before flowing through Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and finally joining the Krishna River near Sangameswaram village in the Kurnool district.

Pampa was the name given to the Tungabhadra River in the epic Ramayana. The Raichur Doab is a wedge of land located north of the Tungabhadra River, between the Tungabhadra and the Krishna rivers.

The Krishna-Tungabhadra basin, which formed the nucleus of the Vijayanagara Empire, which was established in 1336 CE, is home to Hampi. According to the Persian and European travellers' accounts, Hampi was a prosperous, rich, and grand city near the Tungabhadra River, with numerous temples, farms, and trading markets.

Hampi's magnificent ruins reveal a well-defended settlement. These walls were built without the use of mortar or cement, and instead used an interlocking technique to hold them together.
Hampi is located in the Krishna – Tungabhadra basin.

Hence the correct answer is option (A).

Note: Hampi predates the Vijayanagara Empire; it is known as Pampas Devi Tirtha Kshetra in Hinduism's Ramayana and Puranas. Hampi is still a significant religious center, with the Virupaksha Temple, an active Adi Shankara-linked monastery, and various monuments from the old city.