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Figure shows a qualitative plot of current vs potential difference for a p-n junction. Which one of the following is true regarding the given graph.
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A. Junction offers a little resistance if we try to pass an electric current from p-side to the n-side.
B. Junction offers a high resistance if we try to pass an electric current from n-side to the p-side.
C. The device which allows current in both the direction (forward as well as backward) is called as ideal junction or diode
D. Both A and B

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: In forward biasing condition, a negative voltage is applied to the N-type material and a positive voltage is applied to the P-type material, Due to this type of biasing, the width of the depletion layer decreases. In reverse biasing condition, a negative voltage is applied to the N-type material and a positive voltage is applied to the P-type material, Due to this type of biasing, the width of the depletion layer increases.

Complete step by step answer:
Typical current vs potential difference characteristic for a p-n junction is given below.
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When the p-n junction diode is in forward bias, the depletion layer is thin. Due to which a small resistance is offered to the electric current passing from p-side to n-side.
When the p-n junction diode is in reverse bias, the depletion layer is thick due to which a large resistance is offered to the electric current passing from n-side to p-side.

So, the correct answer is “Option D”.

Note: Students must not get confused between forward bias and reverse bias. When the junction diode is connected in forward bias, the diode acts like a short circuit which allows full circuit current to flow. Whereas when the junction diode is connected in reverse bias, the diode acts like an open circuit blocking any current to flow through it. But, when it is in reverse bias, a small leakage current does flow through the circuit.