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Explain the role of the opposition party in a democracy.

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Democracy is a government system in which citizens have the power to choose their legislation governing them. Key questions for democratic theory, creation, and constitution are who people are and how power is shared. Freedom of speech and assembly, inclusiveness and equality, membership, consent, voting, the right to life, and the rights of minorities are among the cornerstones.

Complete answer:
1. To a great extent, the success of democracy depends on the constructive role of opposition parties.
2. In any democracy, both parties are unable to get parliamentary majority seats all the time.
3. The groups that do not win majority seats are referred to as opposition parties.
4. The party that gets a majority of seats next to the Lok Sabha ruling party is recognized as the opposition party. The leader of the opposition party enjoys any privileges similar to those of a cabinet minister.
5. The ruling party exercises all of the powers specified in the constitution. The opposition party still works effectively, and its function is no less critical than that of the ruling parties.

The roles of the opposition party:
(1) The opposition parties are watching over the ruling party to prevent the government from being authoritarian and restrict its powers.
(2) The principal duty of the opposition party is to question the government's policies.
(3) The opposition parties outside the legislature draw the press's attention and publish their criticism of government policy in the newspapers.
(4) The opposition parties also have the right to audit the government's spending.
(5) The opposition parties criticize the government in general during the question hour.

There are two types of democracy in India, which are direct and representative. The citizens actually deliberate in direct democracy and decide on legislation. The citizens elect representatives in a representative democracy to deliberate and vote on legislation, such as parliamentary or presidential democracy.