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# Elastic waves in solid are:A. Transverse onlyB. Longitudinal onlyC. Either transverse or longitudinalD. Neither transverse nor longitudinal

Last updated date: 08th Sep 2024
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Hint: Elastic waves are formed in solids. We must know whether longitudinal waves and transverse waves can travel in a solid or not. In longitudinal waves, the constituents of solid are displaced along the direction of motion of the wave while in a transverse wave, the constituents of solid are displaced perpendicular to the direction of motion of the wave

Detailed step by step solution:
Let us discuss the longitudinal waves and transverse waves first.
The transverse waves are those waves in which the particles of the medium, through which the wave travels, are displaced in the direction perpendicular to the direction of the propagation of the waves. It looks like following

We have the maxima called crests and minima called troughs. They do not need a material medium to travel. They can travel only inside the solids or on the surface of a liquid and not inside the liquid.
The longitudinal waves are those waves in which the particles of the medium, through which the wave travels, are displaced in the direction parallel to the direction of the propagation of the waves. It looks like following

We have the maxima called compression and minima called rarefaction. They need a material medium to travel. These waves have the ability to travel in all types of mediums.
Elastic waves are waves that travel through a solid material. Now based on the nature of the longitudinal waves and transverse waves we discussed above, both of these waves can be formed in the solids. Hence the correct answer is option C that elastic waves in solid are either longitudinal or transverse.

Note: The molecules in a medium are bound to each other by elastic forces. When the positions of these atoms or molecules are disturbed they exhibit a spring-like elastic motion. That is why the disturbances are known as elastic waves.