Hint: Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It entails carrying out development without harming or affecting the environment. The Brundtland Commission defined it as development with sustainability that "meets the needs of the present without jeopardizing future generations' ability to meet their own needs." Everyone wants to live in a better neighborhood.
Sustainable development is an organizing principle for achieving human development goals while also preserving natural systems' ability to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society rely.
The desired outcome is a state of society in which living conditions and resources are used to meet human needs without jeopardizing the natural system's integrity and stability. Sustainable development is defined as development that meets the needs of the present without jeopardizing future generations' ability to meet their own needs.
Sustainability goals, such as the current United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, address global issues such as poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace, and justice. While the modern concept of sustainable development is largely derived from the Brundtland Report of 1987, it is also based on earlier ideas about sustainable forest management and twentieth-century environmental concerns.
As the concept of sustainable development evolved, its emphasis shifted to economic development, social development, and environmental protection for future generations.
So, Sustainable development is defined as development that meets the needs of the current generation without jeopardizing future generations' ability to meet their own needs. The concept of sustainable development gained prominence in the 1987 report of the World Commission on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro.
Thus, the answer is option B: World Commission of Environment and Development Report, 1987.
Note: Sustainable development stems from ideas about sustainable forest management developed in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries.: 6–16 In response to growing concern about the depletion of England's timber resources, John Evelyn argued in his 1662 essay Sylva that "sowing and planting of trees had to be regarded as a national duty of every landowner, in order to stop the destructive over-exploitation of natural resources."