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Draw a neat diagram showing acid solution in water conducts electricity.

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: For the conduction of electricity we require ions which act as charge carriers in a solution. An acid can ionize to lose a proton and form hydronium ions (${H_3}{O^ + }$) which conducts electricity.

Complete Solution :
-First of all we should remember that for conduction of electricity we need the presence of charge carriers which can be ions or electrons. Also an electrolyte has the ability to dissociate to form its respective ions which can act as charge carriers and conduct electricity. Similarly an acid has the ability to release ${H^ + }$ ion and forms ions which can acid as charge carriers and thus conduct electricity.
-In simple form we can understand this as: Let us take an acid HCl which in water forms a solution:
 $HX \to {H^ + } + C{l^ - }$

- These ${H^ + }$ ions cannot exist alone and so combine with ${H_2}O$ to form ${H_3}{O^ + }$ ions.
${H^ + } + {H_2}O \to {H_3}{O^ + }$

- The ${H_3}{O^ + }$ ions produced here at the end act as charge carriers and conduct electricity in the water solution of acid and water.
- This process is shown diagrammatically as below:
seo images

Note: All acid solutions including organic acids and mineral acids have the ability to conduct electricity. The mineral acids are stronger acids and thus dissociate completely to produce more number of ions, while the organic acids are weak acids and hence conduct electricity weakly. Hence mineral acids conduct electricity more strongly as compared to organic acids which are weak acids.