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How does peripheral neuropathy affect the brain?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: Peripheral neuropathy refers to a problem with peripheral nerves which attach the brain and spinal cord to the body. Peripheral neuropathy can affect a single nerve or set of nerves. Diabetes is the main cause of neuropathy. This disease causes numbness, tingling and weakness in the affected area.

Complete answer:
Peripheral neuropathy affects legs, toes, hands and arms. The main reason for nerve damage is the increased glucose levels in the blood. Other factors include high cholesterol or blood pressure.
Affect on the brain: People feel exaggerated sensations of heat and cold i.e hot feel hotter and cold feel colder, there is a feeling of numbness in the feet and hands, there is increased sensitivity to touch which is caused due to nerve damage of the brain. Damage to the peripheral nerves causes an interruption in the communication between the brain and other body parts.
Other symptoms include; Peripheral neuropathy causes numbness in the legs and the person is not able to feel the feet while walking. Sometimes there is a tingling or burning sensation in the hands or feet. The person loses its balance and walks with a wobbly motion. There is a loss of coordination and muscle of the ankle weakens, affecting the gait.

Peripheral neuropathy affects the peripheral nerves that help in locating hands and feet. These nerves also help in experiencing hotness or coldness. Peripheral neuropathy mainly leads to loss of balance, numbness and tingling sensation in hands and feet, weakness, clumsiness and dizziness, pain in hands and feet, exaggerated feeling of hotness or coldness and sexual dysfunction.