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What is the difference between Shruti and Smriti?

Last updated date: 16th May 2024
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Hint: “Samhita” refers to the Vedas' basic material or mantra text. Ashtavakra Gita, Bhrigu Samhita, Brahma Samhita, Deva Samhita, Garga Samhita, Kashyap Samhita, Shiva Samhita, and Yogayajnavalkya Samhita are some examples of post-Vedic texts known as "Samhitas."

Complete answer:
The Vedic literature is divided into two sections, namely, Shruti and Smriti are two sisters. Shruti is the name given to the sacred texts that make up Hinduism's core corpus, i.e. Upanishads, Vedas, Brahmanas, and Aranyakas

The entire body of post-Vedic Classical Sanskrit literature is called Smiriti, which literally means "that which is remembered". Vedanga, Shad darshana, Puranas, Itihasa, Upveda, Tantras, Agamas, and Upangs are all part of it. Epics are a post-Vedic category of Sanskrit literature that includes the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Shruti is a Sanskrit word that means "what is said".Smriti is a Sanskrit word that means "remembered."
Shruti is an eye-opener.Smriti is a Hindu ritual.
Shruti is firsthand knowledge. The universal truths of faith were heard by Great Rishis, who recorded them for posterity's gain.Smriti is a reminiscence of the case.
Shruti is timeless.Smriti was created by humans.
The primary authority is Shruti.The Smriti is an afterthought.
The final authority is Shruti.If a Smriti contains something that contradicts the Shruti, it must be refused.
Shruti does not issue any orders. It just provides guidance.Smriti gives orders and punishments in the form of prayachits if they are not followed.
Shruti never goes out of style.Smriti can become obsolete, necessitating modification or amendment.
Shruti is eternal because it never changes.Smriti, when followed at a given time, makes the requisite adjustments. As a result, Smriti's essence is complex.

Note: The four Vedas, Rig, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva Vedas, as well as $108$ Upanishads, are known as Shrutis. The eighteen sages who perfected the Vedas with their superhuman strength and derived the Smritis from them are Manu, Parasara, Yajnavalkya, Gautama, Harita, Yama, Visnu, Sankha, Likhita, Brhaspati, Daksa, Angiras, Pracetas, Samvarta, Acanas, Atri, Apastamba, and Satatapa.