Hint: Democracy is a type of government in which people choose their representatives for governing legislation, through free and fair elections by casting their votes. Democracy is a government by the people, for the people, and to the people.
Since it is impossible for everyone to take hand in running the nation, so the people elect their representatives to act on their behalves, such as members of the House of Representatives and Municipal Councils. Democracy is accountable and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens because:
(i) The basic idea of democracy in a country serves that the people have the right to choose their representatives and the people will have control over them in a democracy,
(ii) They have the participation right in decision-making that affects them all. This ensures transparency in the working of the government.
(iii) People select the government to run the nation on their behalf, hence it is expected that the government will be attentive to their needs and expectations.
(iv) It is anticipated that the democratic government formulates mechanisms for citizens to wield the government accountable.
(v) The opposition parties have the right to question and have a dissenting view of the government policies. They keep an inspection on the ruling party and make sure that it does not misapply the power.
Note: Democracy is based on the principle of sovereignty. There exists the rule of law. It means the supremacy of law overall. The government remains responsible for the common mass for its every omission and commission. It is based on political equality.