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How is cotton obtained from cotton plants?

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Last updated date: 20th May 2024
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Answer
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Hint :Cotton fibre is a natural seed fibre extracted from plants that is widely used in the production of denim fabrics. In 2012, global cotton production reached an all-time high of 113.8 million bales. China, India, the United States, Pakistan, and Brazil are the top producers of cotton fibre. Around 80% of cotton is produced in these countries. Cotton fibre is a plant seed fibre that must be harvested and removed from the seed before being used. Harvesting is done by handpicking cotton bolls from the field or by using a spindle picker to select them automatically. Cotton ginning is the method of extracting the fibre from the seeds. After that, the fibre goes through processes including opening, mixing, cleaning, carding, and combing.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
Cotton is grown in a black, clayey soil. It needs a warm environment. The cotton crop is sown in the early spring. Cotton plants are bushy and grow to a height of 1-2 metres. In about 60 days, the plants begin to bloom, producing whitish-yellow flowers. In a few days, the flowers turn reddish. Flowers mature into spherical walnut-like structures over time. Cotton balls are what they're called. Cotton fibres develop on these plants. Green cotton balls turn brown after a while. The cotton bolls burst open at maturity, revealing the white cotton fibre.
GINNING
Cotton picked from the plants contains seeds, so it must be ginned. Ginning is the method of separating cotton seeds from pods. Traditionally, ginning was done by hand. Machines are now used in the ginning process.
SPINNING
Spinning refers to the method of creating yarn from fibre. Cotton bales are used to deliver raw cotton to industry.
Making Cotton Yarn: A Step-by-Step Method
To extract straw and dried leaves, the raw cotton is loosened and washed.
After that, the cotton is washed and fed into a pump. Cotton fibres are combed, straightened, and converted into silver, a rope-like structure.
Spinning machines transform a sliver of cotton fibre into yarn.
WEAVING
Weaving is the method of arranging two sets of yarn together to create a cloth. Bobbins are the large reels of yarn. These bobbins are used in the weaving process. Looms are used to weave cloth. After that, they bleached and dyed the fabric to give it a finished look.
KNITTING
Knitting can be performed both by hand and by machine. Knitting uses only two yarns, while weaving uses more than two yarns. Wool is used to knit sweaters, socks, scarves, and caps.

Note :
Weaving is the method of arranging two sets of yarn together to create a cloth. Bobbins are the large reels of yarn. These bobbins are used in the weaving process. Looms are used to weave cloth. After that, they bleached and dyed the fabric to give it a finished look.
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