In recent years, the conscience of humanity has been strongly awakened to the need to protect the environment and preserve the environment. It is of the utmost importance that people are aware not only of the problems they pose, but also of the role they must play in protecting the environment.
In addition to grassroots participation, formal education should be provided and the implementation of ¬ mental protection projects. In addition, it is also essential to develop environmentally friendly technologies and renewable energy sources according to the principle of conservation.
While developing technologies for the benefit of man, it is also essential to simultaneously study their impact on the environment so that cyclical processes that nature has designed for resource conservation are not affected.
Air, water and earth are the basic amenities of life. But overpopulation and rapid industrialization have created a state of decadence in the environment. Man has constantly tampered with nature. As a result, a threat to his life has been increased due to the lack of clean air and clean water and the imbalance established in the biosphere.
Earth is, perhaps, the only planet with an environment and we all share it. But if they inherit such a polluted environment, life will be a misery for them. Men have improved the technologies and other means necessary to increase the production of wealth and exploited nature for its benefits, but without any foresight as to the implications of its actions. Blind industrialization has led to urban migration and slum development, which in turn has led to environmental degradation.
Before the advent of modern civilization, man lived and prospered amidst the right balance of process multiple biological . As the most intelligent being on earth, man has constantly manipulated nature by using his inventive genius and disrupting the ecological balance. Thus, air, water and soil are all polluted and pose a threat to the substance of humanity.
Air pollution is due to the direct involvement of industrialization. Industry chimneys emit smoke and vehicles have fumes that contribute directly to air pollution. Any gaseous matter not considered a normal constituent of the air or an excess sulphur dioxide, monoxide of carbon, nitrogen dioxide, of the dust etc., in the pollution of the cause of the actually. Air pollution also occurs when forests catch fire, rubber plants are disembowelled or plastics burned with household waste. This danger of pollution has been aggravated today by atomic explosions in some advanced countries. Some hovering au above cities they early the morning is also the result of the atmospheric pollution. The depletion of the ozone layer, which is essential for life to protect against dangerous ultraviolet rays, is also due to air pollution and can lead to skin diseases.
The emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide in increased concentration has resulted in climate change. Although it has no toxic effect, it is largely responsible for the greenhouse effect and therefore global warming.
Most air pollutants directly affect the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Nitrogen dioxide and ozone also act on the respiratory system, irritate the eyes, nose and throat and, moreover, ozone can cause headaches. Carbon monoxide is able to displace oxygen in the blood, which can lead to cardiovascular and neurological effects. Lead affects bone, impairs liver and kidney function, causes neurological damage, and limits metal development in patients.
Although the land is surrounded by water in three quarters, drinking water is scarce. All major sources of drinking water such as rivers, lakes, ponds and even wells have been polluted with a variety of hazardous chemical and biological wastes. The coagulated mixture of dirt, sewage and industrial waste pollutes the water of the river on whose banks the factories are established. The increased use of fertilizers and insecticides also pollutes the drinking water of ponds and wells. Harmful fertilizers and insecticides seep into the earth and pollute the groundwater. The supply of polluted water is an epidemic such as cholera, jaundice and gastroenteritis, etc.
The soil is also polluted in various ways. Soil pollution usually results from the removal of solid and semi-solid wastes from unsanitary agricultural practices and habits. Rapid industrialization and urbanization have discharged a variety of solid and semi-solid wastes at different locations polluting the soil. as well as air and water. Apart from this, the direct pollution of land by pathogenic organisms is also of a major importance. Thus, the soil is heavily polluted day by day by dangerous substances and micro-organisms that enter the food chain or water and are therefore ingested by humans. As a result, there are many problems of health such as dysentery, cholera, and paratyphoid fever. The increased use of plastics, politeness and other non-degradable products has led to the problem of their elimination.
In addition to the pollution of the air, water and soil, we are now confronted with noise pollution. The incessant din of city life, the frequent play of loudspeakers, even in odd hours, the constant play of radios and televisions, the incessant noise of vehicles deaf us during the day. Research has shown that noise pollution is capable of causing ulcers, abortions, cardiovascular disease and hypertension in addition to many mental disorders.
Food pollution is another problem we face every day . We suffer from several diseases because of the polluted foods we take. After the advent of nuclear weapons, the level of exposure to ionizing radiation has increased, which is dangerous for people. The harmful effects of radioactive pollution are cancers, genetic damage and mutations leading to abnormal births.