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Who composed the song ‘Vande Mataram’?
A. RabindraNath Tagore
B. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
C. Alluri Sitaram Raju
D. Baba Ramachandra

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Last updated date: 01st Mar 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: Vande Mataram is also known as the ‘national song’ of India. It was originally written in Bengali. It is one of the famous patriotic songs in India.

Complete Step by Step answer: Vande Mataram was chosen as the national song of India by Congress Working Committee. They chose the song right when the colonial rule of Britishers was ending over India in August 1947. It was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in Bengali and was first sung by RabindraNath Tagore. It holds a huge amount of historical significance as the respective song was used in the anti-colonial movements in India. The song i.e. Vande Mataram is given equal respect as the national anthem i.e. Jana Gana Mana, as per the declaration by the then President of India; Dr Rajendra Prasad. In academia, a lot of debate has risen about the meaning of the song. The abstract and the subjective aspects of the song are quite subject to debate and discourse. So, let’s examine the options one by one:
a. RabindraNath Tagore is the wrong answer as Vande Mataram was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in Bengali and was firstly sung by RabindraNath Tagore. It holds a huge amount of historical significance as the respective song was used in the anti-colonial movements in India. RabindraNath Tagore has written the national anthem of India; Jana Gana Mana.
b. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay is the right answer as Vande Mataram was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in Bengali and was first sung by RabindraNath Tagore. Vande Mataram was chosen as the national song of India by Congress Working Committee. They chose the song right when the colonial rule of Britishers was ending over India in August 1947.
c. Alluri Sitaram Raju is the wrong answer as Vande Mataram was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in Bengali and was first sung by RabindraNath Tagore.
d. Baba Ramachandra is the right answer as Vande Mataram was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in Bengali and was first sung by RabindraNath Tagore.

So, the correct answer is ‘b’.

 Note: Don’t confuse national song with the national anthem of India as the composers of both the songs are different. Vande Mataram is the national song of India while Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. The former one is written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay while the latter one is written by RabindraNath Tagore.


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