Question
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Carrying rock fragments to a new location is called _________________.
A. Mechanical weathering
B. Erosion
C. Transportation
D. Chemical weathering

Answer
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Hint: In geology, it is the activity of surface cycles, (for example, water stream or wind) that eliminates soil, rock, or disintegrated material from one area on the Earth's outside layer, and afterward moves it to another area (not to be mistaken for enduring which includes no development). This normal cycle is brought about by the dynamic movement of erosive specialists, that is, water, ice (icy masses), day off, (wind), plants, creatures, and people.

Complete step-by-step solution:
Normal paces of erosion are constrained by the activity of geographical enduring geomorphic drivers, for example, precipitation; bedrock wear in streams; seaside erosion by the ocean and waves; icy culling, scraped spot, and scour; areal flooding; wind scraped area; groundwater cycles; and mass development measures in steep scenes like avalanches and trash streams. The rates at which such cycles act control how quickly a surface is dissolved. Commonly, actual erosion continues quickest on steeply sloping surfaces, and rates may likewise be delicate to some climatically-controlled properties including measures of water provided (e.g., by downpour), turbulence, wind speed, wave bring, or air temperature (particularly for some ice-related cycles). Criticisms are likewise conceivable between paces of erosion and the measure of dissolved material that is now conveyed by, for instance, a stream or ice sheet. Cycles of erosion that produce residue or solutes from a spot appear differently from those of statements, which control the appearance and emplacement of material at another area. While erosion is a characteristic cycle, human exercises have expanded by 10-40 times the rate at which erosion is happening all around the world. At notable horticulture locales, for example, the Appalachian Mountains, serious cultivating rehearsals have caused erosion up to 100x the speed of the common pace of erosion in the district. Inordinate (or quickened) erosion causes both "on location" and "off-site" issues. On location impacts remember diminishes for rural efficiency and (on regular scenes) natural breakdown, both given loss of the supplement rich upper soil layers. Now and again, the possible outcome is desertification.

Thus, option (B) is correct.

Note: Precipitation and the surface spillover which may result from precipitation produces four fundamental kinds of soil disintegration: sprinkle disintegration, sheet disintegration, rivulet disintegration, and chasm disintegration