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How do Boyle’s law and Charles’s law differ ?

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: -In Charles law, temperature and volume of the gas are kept at steady pressure factor. While in Boyle's law, pressure factor and volume of the gas are kept at a steady temperature.
In Boyle's law, pressure factor and volume shift conversely while, in Charles law, pressure factor and volume differ straightforwardly.

Complete step by step answer:
Comparison 1:
Boyle's Law is a backwards connection among pressure factor and volume. The kinetic energy of issue is essential to Boyle's Law. As the volume diminishes the atoms impact all the more much of the time making more pressure factor. At the point when the volume and the quantity of atoms stay steady.
$0.50$ Charles Law is an immediate connection among temperature and volume. At the point when the temperature of the particles builds the atoms move quicker making more tension on the holder of the gas expanding the volume, if the pressure factor stays steady and the quantity of the particles stays consistent. The pressure factor stays as before on the grounds that volume increment remembers the pressure factor.
Comparison 2:
In Boyle's law volume and pressure contrast inversely, while in Charles' law, volume and pressure contrast directly.
Consider an example, if the pressure in Boyle's law is doubled from \[1.0\] atmospheres to $2.0$ atmospheres with an unique volume of $1.0$, the new volume will be $0.50$.
This is in agreement with Boyle's law which states that the product of the first pressure and volume is equal to the product of the final pressure and volume.
\[{P_1}{V_1}\; = \;{P_2}{V_2}\]
Currently compare this to Charle’s law which states that the product of the first volume and the final temperature is equal to the product of the final volume and first temperature.
\[{V_1}{T_2} = \;{V_1}{T_1}\]
Recall that all temperatures must be considered in kelvin.
If the first temperature of \[273{\text{ }}K\] is doubled to \[546{\text{ }}K\], then a first volume of \[1.0\] liter is also doubled, with a final volume of \[2.0\] liters.
Boyle's Law is a reverse connection among pressure factor and volume
Charles Law is an immediate relationship. among temperature and volume.

Note:
The distinctions are that Boyle's Law is an immediate relationship while Charles Law is a backwards relationship. The two laws include volume however one includes pressure and the other temperature.