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Both the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India’s mainland is about 30°. But on looking at the map of India which of the following alternatives do you observe about India’s size?
A. East-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent
B. East-west extent appears to be larger than the north-south extent
C. East-west extent and north-south extent appears equal
D. North-south extent appears to be smaller than the east-west extent

Last updated date: 14th Jun 2024
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Hint: Because of the way that latitudes are equidistant from one another yet the distance between longitudes diminishes as one moves from equator to poles. India is arranged north of the equator between $8^\circ 1'$ north to $37^\circ 6'$ north latitude and $68^\circ 7'$ east to $97^\circ 25'$ east longitude.

Complete step-by-step solution:
India is the seventh-biggest nation on the planet, with a complete zone of 3,287,263 square kilometers (1,269,219 sq mi). On the south, India ventures into and is limited by the Indian Ocean—specifically, by the Arabian Sea on the west, the Lakshadweep Sea toward the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the east, and the Indian Ocean legitimate toward the south. The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separate India from Sri Lanka to its nearby southeast, and the Maldives are exactly 125 kilometers (78 mi) toward the south of India's Lakshadweep Islands over the Eight Degree Channel. India's Andaman and the Nicobar Islands, approximately 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) southeast of the terrain, share sea outskirts with Myanmar, Thailand, and Indonesia. Kanyakumari is at the south most tip of the Indian territory, whereas the southmost purpose in Asian countries is Indira purpose on Nicobar Island. The northernmost point which is under the Indian organization is Indira Col, Siachen Glacier. India's regional waters reach out into the ocean to a distance of 12 nautical miles (13.8 mi; 22.2 km) from the coast standard. India has the eighteenth biggest Exclusive Economic Zone of 2,305,143 km2 (890,021 sq mi). The northern outskirts of India are characterized to a great extent by the Himalayan mountain range, where the nation fringes China, Bhutan, and Nepal. Its western outskirt with Pakistan lies in the Karakoram range, Punjab Plains, the Thar Desert, and the Rann of Kutch salt swamps. In the far upper east, the Chin Hills and Kachin Hills, profoundly forested uneven locales, separate India from Burma. On the east, its fringe with Bangladesh is generally characterized by the Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills, and the watershed district of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. India lies entirely on the northern and eastern sides of the equator. The latitudinal and longitudinal degree of India is around the equivalent for example 30o. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands stretch out additional southwards and add to the latitudinal degree of India. The southmost purpose referred to as the Indira purpose within the nice Nicobar Island is at $6^\circ 45'{\text{N}}$. The latitudinal degree of India from Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south is 3,214 km. India's longitudinal degree from the Rann of Kutch within the west to Arunachal Pradesh within the east is two,933 km.

Thus, option (A) is correct.

Note: Longitude - is a geographic arrangement that determines the east-west situation of a point on the Earth's surface, or the outside of a divine body. The precise distance of a spot north or south of the world's equator, or the equator of a divine article, generally communicated in degrees and minutes.