How do the biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem interact?
Hint: An ecosystem is a geographical region in which plants, animals, and other species, as well as weather and landscape, coexist to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems include both biotic (living) and abiotic (nonliving) components.
Complete answer: The non-living elements of an ecosystem are referred to as abiotic influences. Air, water, wind, soil, temperature, and sunlight are examples of these. Photosynthesis, the basic chemical reaction that drives most life on Earth, is one of the most important interactions in an ecosystem between the biotic and abiotic environments. Sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide are used by plants and algae to generate the energy they need to grow and reproduce. Plants and algae consume the vitamins and minerals they need to survive from their surroundings. Animals consume plants and algae, absorbing vitamins and minerals. Predators consume other organisms in order to gain energy and nutrients. This is how nutrients move from the abiotic to the biotic world. There are four types of species interactions that take place between organisms in an ecosystem: Predation, parasitism, and herbivory are examples of relationships in which one organism profits while the other suffers. Competition - All species are harmed in some way as a result of their interactions. Commensalism - When one organism profits, the other is neither affected nor gains. Mutualism - When two species interact, both prosper.
Note: Plants that have pollinators such as birds or butterflies are strong examples of mutualistic interactions. Plants benefit from pollination because it allows them to replicate. Butterflies and bird pollinators benefit from a tasty nectar meal.