Question
Answers

Assertion: Indian thinkers were in favor of education for Indians.
Reason: Universalization of Education profited the Indians.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is Correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Both Assertion and Reason are correct.

Answer
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Hint: In the 18th-19th century, modern education for Indians was looked at as a great opportunity for Indians in terms of profiting them by Indian thinkers and the Christian missionaries. However, the objective of Christian Missionaries to be in favor of modern education was to promote Christianity as they thought that modern education would destroy the faith of Indians in their religion.

Complete step by step answer:
The East India Company (EIC) did not object to spread modern education in Indians. As they thought, they would get Indians at low salaries. However, some orthodox Indians opposed this move, as it would destroy their traditional knowledge and culture. Some Indian thinkers like Raja Rammohan Roy did educational reforms and he supported western education in India during his time. Universalization of modern education profited the Indians as it awakened them to the changes happening in the world and made them realize their rights, situation, and real-self.
So, the correct answer is Option A.

Note: Many Indian Thinkers such as- Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekanand, Rabindranath Tagore, Aurobindo Gosh, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and so on worked for inculcating modern education in the Indians. They wrote many works and journals to awaken Indians. However, they were not in favor of the western system of education instead of the Indian system of education in a modernized one. Jyotibarao Phule and his wife, Savitri Bai Phule fought for education in India. Therefore, in a nutshell, Modern education helped Indians to realize their true-self.