Why are the mountains thinly populated?

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Hint: The main reasons why mountains are thinly populated is because of the climatic conditions and less accessibility to things in general. The population is restricted in terms of the number of people that live in a certain area.

Complete answer: The main reasons why mouMountains are the origin of the water. This is from where all the water bodies replenish every time. Water from the mountains is used for irrigation purposes and also for the generation of hydro-electricity. The river valleys and terraces are considered very ideal for the cultivation of crops because of the flow of water. Mountains are also seen to have a rich variety of flora and fauna. The forests present there provide wood, fuel, fodder, shelter and other commodities like gum, raisins, etc. they act as a natural habitat for animals and their source of living. The main reasons why mountains are thinly populated is because of the climatic conditions and less accessibility to things in general. The climate is generally harsh at the mountain areas because of the extreme coldness. There are various slopes and they are steep in the mountains which reduces the land available for farming. This type of landform also restricts the development of any sort. There is little room for constructing buildings and all other kinds of infrastructure. This is why people have to cover huge distances just to buy basic necessities of life. Therefore people do not prefer settling in such areas. Mountains are thinly populated because of the climatic conditions and less accessibility to things in general. The population is restricted in terms of the number of people that live in a certain area.

Note: Mountains are seen as tourist spots and several sports like paragliding, river rafting and skiing are popular in such areas. In India, states like Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Union territories like Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, are considered as tourist spots.