Question
Answers

Amoeba reproduces by budding.
a. True
b. False

Answer
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Hint: Amoeba is a unicellular organism that is prokaryotic and the reproduction in these primitive organisms is mainly by the asexual reproduction that too mainly budding.

Complete answer:
Just like bacteria, the amoeba is the unicellular organisms, which is primitive in nature
The reproduction in the primitive organisms is usually occurred by the asexual reproduction.
The type of asexual reproduction that occurs in unicellular organisms is mainly binary fission.

Steps involved in the binary fission
> Replication of genetic material: In the case of amoeba, the genetic material doubles up, whereas in the case of Bacteria the DNA undergoes replication.

> Growth of a cell: In amoeba, once the genetic material increases or doubles up in the content, the growth of the cell, starts to increase, the cytoplasmic contents of the amoeba increase in size, and in the case of bacteria along with an increase in the cytoplasmic contents, the DNA strands used to migrate to the opposite poles of the cell.

> Segregation of genetic material: In this stage, the cell elongated in such a manner, where the septum is formed in the middle of the cell, and the genetic material which was doubled before undergoing segregation. While in the bacteria, the DNA which is replicated is segregated.

> Splitting of cells: In this stage, the cell wall is formed in the middle and the one cell is divided into two daughter cells, along with genetic material, all the cell organelles are divided, and finally, the daughter cells which produced looks similar like parent cells.

Hence, The correct answer is option (B). False

Note: The similarities between the cell division in eukaryotic cells and in binary fission are genetic material is doubled before the division, and in the case of binary fission the parent cell technically lost its identity after the division.