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Question
Answers

Acids are always stored in containers made of :
A. plastic
B. glass
C. metals
D. clay

Answer Verified Verified
Hint:Acids have many useful industrial applications, but if they aren’t treated and stored carefully, they can destroy property and harm human health as they can easily damage materials such as metal, stone, and human flesh because of their highly reactive and corrosive nature. Thus, acids are always stored in glass bottles due to their chemical inert nature.

Complete step by step answer:
-Corrosive substances are harmful to our skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and breathing passages. Acids and bases have corrosive properties. The amount of harm caused by acids and bases depends on the concentration of the substance and the duration of exposure. Any acids or bases may cause damage if they are exposed in concentrated solutions.
-Acids that have a pH of less than 4 are highly reactive and can cause serious chemical burns. Some of the common strong acids are hydrochloric, nitric, sulfuric, and phosphoric acids. -Weak acids such as acetic, citric, and carbonic acids are not corrosive.
-Thus, acids are carefully stored in glass containers due to their chemical inertness towards the acid because of which glass does not react chemically with most of the aqueous substances like acids. Glass containers are non-porous, which means they do not absorb or contaminate acids anyhow and keep them preserved.
-On the other hand, acids are not stored in metal containers because most of the time acid reacts with almost every metal and produces salts or oxides which alters the acid characteristics making it useless.
-And acids are not stored in plastic containers also because most of the plastics are modified petroleum products because of which most of the acids destroy the plastic by reacting with them and forming inedible and useless products.

Hence, the correct option is B.

Note:
The significant downside of glass is the way that it breaks easily and makes sharp, risky shards when broken. Not all substances are protected to store in glass; for instance, hydrofluoric acid is corrosive and ought not to be put away in a glass container but can be stored in polymethylpentene, polyethylene, or Teflon.