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Question

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(a) ${{20}^{\circ }},{{30}^{\circ }}$

(b) \[{{21}^{\circ }},{{31}^{\circ }}\]

(c) \[{{22}^{\circ }},{{32}^{\circ }}\]

(d) \[{{19}^{\circ }},{{29}^{\circ }}\]

Answer
Verified

Hint: The key to solve the problem is to know the properties of the rhombus that opposite angles of rhombus are equal and diagonal of rhombus bisect the angles. Also, for this sum we need to know that all the angles of the equilateral triangle is ${{180}^{\circ }}$.

__Complete step by step solution:__

It is given that ABCD is a rhombus and AED is an equilateral triangle.

The angles of all equilateral triangles are \[{{60}^{\circ }}\].

Therefore, \[\angle ADE=\angle AED=\angle EAD={{60}^{\circ }}....................(i)\]

Opposite angles of a rhombus are equal.

Therefore, \[\angle ABC=\angle ADC={{78}^{\circ }}....................(ii)\]

Also, all the sides of a rhombus are equal. By using this property ABC is an isosceles triangle with $AB=BC$.So the angles made by them will also be equal.

Therefore, $\angle BAC=\angle BCA...............(iii)$

By the property of the triangle that the sum of all the angles is \[{{180}^{\circ }}\].

In ABC,

\[\angle ABC+\angle BAC+\angle BCA={{180}^{\circ }}\]

From equation (ii) and (iii), we get,

\[\begin{align}

& {{78}^{\circ }}+\angle BAC+\angle BCA={{180}^{\circ }} \\

& 2\angle BAC={{102}^{\circ }} \\

& \angle BAC={{51}^{\circ }}...............(iv) \\

\end{align}\]

By the property that the diagonal of a rhombus is the angle bisector i.e. it divides the angle into two equal parts.

By using the above property, $\angle BCA=\angle ACD={{51}^{\circ }}................(v)$

From (i) and (ii), we know that $\angle EDC=\angle EDA+\angle ADC$

Therefore, $\angle EDC={{78}^{\circ }}+{{60}^{\circ }}={{138}^{\circ }}.......(vi)$

EDC is an isosceles triangle with $ED=DC$.So the angles made by them will also be equal.

Therefore, $\angle DEC=\angle DCE...............(vii)$

By the property of the triangle that the sum of all the angles is \[{{180}^{\circ }}\].

In EDC,

\[\angle EDC+\angle DEC+\angle DCE={{180}^{\circ }}\]

From equation (vi) and (vii), we get,

\[\begin{align}

& {{138}^{\circ }}+\angle DCE+\angle DCE={{180}^{\circ }} \\

& 2\angle DCE={{42}^{\circ }} \\

& \angle DCE={{21}^{\circ }}...............(viii) \\

\end{align}\]

From (v) and (viii), \[\angle ACD={{51}^{\circ }}\]and $\angle DCE={{21}^{\circ }}$

$\begin{align}

& \angle ACD=\angle ACE+\angle DCE \\

& {{51}^{\circ }}=\angle ACE+{{21}^{\circ }} \\

& \angle ACE={{51}^{\circ }}-{{21}^{\circ }}={{20}^{\circ }}..........................(ix) \\

\end{align}$

Therefore, from (viii) and (ix) we get

$\angle DCE={{21}^{\circ }},\,\angle ACE={{20}^{\circ }}$ is the required solution.

Note: There is also an alternative way to find $\angle ACD$. We can also find by using the properties that the adjacent angles of rhombus sum up to ${{180}^{\circ }}$.

Therefore, $\angle ABC+\angle BCD={{180}^{\circ }}$

$\angle BCD={{180}^{\circ }}-{{78}^{\circ }}={{102}^{\circ }}$

By the property that the diagonal of a rhombus is the angle bisector i.e. it divides the angle into two equal parts.

By using the above property, $\angle ACD=\dfrac{\angle BCD}{2}=\dfrac{{{102}^{\circ }}}{2}={{51}^{\circ }}$.

It is given that ABCD is a rhombus and AED is an equilateral triangle.

The angles of all equilateral triangles are \[{{60}^{\circ }}\].

Therefore, \[\angle ADE=\angle AED=\angle EAD={{60}^{\circ }}....................(i)\]

Opposite angles of a rhombus are equal.

Therefore, \[\angle ABC=\angle ADC={{78}^{\circ }}....................(ii)\]

Also, all the sides of a rhombus are equal. By using this property ABC is an isosceles triangle with $AB=BC$.So the angles made by them will also be equal.

Therefore, $\angle BAC=\angle BCA...............(iii)$

By the property of the triangle that the sum of all the angles is \[{{180}^{\circ }}\].

In ABC,

\[\angle ABC+\angle BAC+\angle BCA={{180}^{\circ }}\]

From equation (ii) and (iii), we get,

\[\begin{align}

& {{78}^{\circ }}+\angle BAC+\angle BCA={{180}^{\circ }} \\

& 2\angle BAC={{102}^{\circ }} \\

& \angle BAC={{51}^{\circ }}...............(iv) \\

\end{align}\]

By the property that the diagonal of a rhombus is the angle bisector i.e. it divides the angle into two equal parts.

By using the above property, $\angle BCA=\angle ACD={{51}^{\circ }}................(v)$

From (i) and (ii), we know that $\angle EDC=\angle EDA+\angle ADC$

Therefore, $\angle EDC={{78}^{\circ }}+{{60}^{\circ }}={{138}^{\circ }}.......(vi)$

EDC is an isosceles triangle with $ED=DC$.So the angles made by them will also be equal.

Therefore, $\angle DEC=\angle DCE...............(vii)$

By the property of the triangle that the sum of all the angles is \[{{180}^{\circ }}\].

In EDC,

\[\angle EDC+\angle DEC+\angle DCE={{180}^{\circ }}\]

From equation (vi) and (vii), we get,

\[\begin{align}

& {{138}^{\circ }}+\angle DCE+\angle DCE={{180}^{\circ }} \\

& 2\angle DCE={{42}^{\circ }} \\

& \angle DCE={{21}^{\circ }}...............(viii) \\

\end{align}\]

From (v) and (viii), \[\angle ACD={{51}^{\circ }}\]and $\angle DCE={{21}^{\circ }}$

$\begin{align}

& \angle ACD=\angle ACE+\angle DCE \\

& {{51}^{\circ }}=\angle ACE+{{21}^{\circ }} \\

& \angle ACE={{51}^{\circ }}-{{21}^{\circ }}={{20}^{\circ }}..........................(ix) \\

\end{align}$

Therefore, from (viii) and (ix) we get

$\angle DCE={{21}^{\circ }},\,\angle ACE={{20}^{\circ }}$ is the required solution.

Note: There is also an alternative way to find $\angle ACD$. We can also find by using the properties that the adjacent angles of rhombus sum up to ${{180}^{\circ }}$.

Therefore, $\angle ABC+\angle BCD={{180}^{\circ }}$

$\angle BCD={{180}^{\circ }}-{{78}^{\circ }}={{102}^{\circ }}$

By the property that the diagonal of a rhombus is the angle bisector i.e. it divides the angle into two equal parts.

By using the above property, $\angle ACD=\dfrac{\angle BCD}{2}=\dfrac{{{102}^{\circ }}}{2}={{51}^{\circ }}$.

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