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# A chemist needs to strengthen a 15% alcoholic solution to one of 32% alcoholic. How much pure alcohol should be added to 800ml of 15% solution?

Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Hint: We have to change the concentration of alcohol of 800ml solution by adding ‘x’ ml of pure alcohol. We will use percentages concept for calculations.

From the given information, we have 800ml of solution with 15% alcohol.
The alcohol in 800ml solution = $800 \times \dfrac{{15}}{{100}} = 120ml$
Now we need to add some pure alcohol to this 800ml to change the alcohol percentage to 32%.
Let ‘x’ ml of pure alcohol (100% alcohol) is added.
Then our resulting solution = (800 + x) ml
Amount of alcohol in the resulting solution = (120 + x) ml
We want the alcohol percentage as 32%.
$\Rightarrow \dfrac{{Amount\;of\;alcohol}}{{Total\;amount\;of\;solution}} \times 100 = 32$
$\Rightarrow \dfrac{{x + 120}}{{800 + x}} \times 100 = 32$
On simplification of the above equation,
\eqalign{ & \Rightarrow 100x + 12000 = 32x + 25600 \cr & \Rightarrow 100x - 32x = 25600 - 12000 \cr & \Rightarrow 68x = 13600 \cr}
$\Rightarrow x = \dfrac{{13600}}{{68}} = 200$
$\therefore$ The amount of pure alcohol to be added is 200ml.

Note: While solving these kinds of problems, we need to clearly understand the given information. We have to form algebraic equations for calculating the required values.