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The Human Eye

Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024
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How Do Our Eyes Help Us?

Every human has two eyes. Each eyeball rests in a skull socket, or aperture. The back and sides of the eye are shielded by the skull bone. The front of the eye is shielded by the eyelid. Eyelids move tears around the eye via blinking. Eyes are kept moist by tears. Dust and other debris that can enter the eye are caught by the eyelashes. The eyeball is held in position and moved up, down, and laterally by six muscles.

The Human Eye

The Human Eye

The Parts of the Eye

How interesting it is to think about this unique organ of our body.There are numerous questions which come to mind like what makes us see? How does it function? And many more, so let's have a quick look at the various parts of “The Eye”.

Eye being the sensitive organ needs its protection for its healthy functioning so it is protected naturally as a transparent fluid is present inside the eyeball. This jelly is surrounded by three coats or layers. The cornea and sclera, or the white component of the eye, make up the outer coat. The cornea serves as the window through which light enters the eye.The front portion of this coat is made up of the iris, or  the colored part of the eye.

The pupil, located in the iris's middle, is where light enters the eye. To admit more or less light through the pupil, the iris opens and closes. The retina is the term for the eye's inside layer. The retina is made up of rods and cones of different cell types. They are photoreceptor cells. Electrical impulses are sent as a result of the cells collecting light. The optic nerve is responsible for carrying these messages to the brain.

Eye Diagram for Kids

Eye Diagram for Kids

Uses of  Eye for Class 2

Now, We Will See Some Functions of Eye for Class 2

  • Sight is one of the most significant physical senses and functions of the eye.It helps us to admire our complete world.Other basic senses, like touch, taste, and smell, are dependent on sight both directly and indirectly.

  • Improves brain focus as what we see is something that we will keep in our memory.

  • Eyes are used to understand the surrounding.Therefore, the eyes serve as a means of information transfer and communication for people to understand one another and their surroundings.

Eye Facts For Kids

  • A human blinks 15 times each minute on average.

  • Where the optical nerve attaches to the retina, we have a blind spot.

  • The brain is the only organ that is more complicated than the eye.

  • Every second, your eyes focus on 50 distinct things.

  • About 10 million distinct colors are distinguished by your eyes

5 Sentences About Eyes for Kindergarten

  • Eyes help us to  see things around us.

  • Eyes are above our nose.

  • Eyes are two in number.

  • Eyes are of blue, brown and black color.

  • Eyes are one of the five sense organs of our body.

Solved Questions

1. Which nerve of our body is responsible for sight?

Ans: Optic nerve is responsible for sight.

2. Which is the transparent layer of our eye?

Ans: Cornea is the transparent layer of the eye.

3. Write a short note on Human Eye.

Ans: Every human has two eyes. Each eyeball rests in a skull socket, or aperture. The back and sides of the eye are shielded by the skull bone.It has three layers for its protection.

4. How do our eyes help us?

Ans: Eyes help us to see. It is the sense organ through which we can see the beauty of the world and perform our basic chores which help us to sustain a normal life.

Learning by Doing 

1. The outermost layer of the eye is called as ________

2. The part of the eye responsible for its color is________

3. The shape of the human eye is_________


As we have understood till now the eyes are the most important and fascinating organ of our  body, thus our complete functioning is dependent on this organ directly or indirectly.One could think of the eye as a live optical instrument.The eye is spherical in shape. Its outer layers, such as the outermost, white component of the eye (the sclera) and one of its inner layers (the pigmented choroid), keep the eye essentially light-tight except for the optic axis.One should take proper care of this gift for the god almighty.

FAQs on The Human Eye

1. What is the shape of an eyeball?

Eyeballs are spherical in shape.

2. Is the eye a sense organ?

Yes, the eye is a sense organ.

3. On which part of an eye image is formed?

Image is formed on the retina.