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PCM Vs PCB: Which is the Right Class 11 Science Subject Combination

By ShiwaniApril 17, 2023
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What are PCM and PCB?

Class 10 is the final step of your secondary-level education. You will enter a vast academic level in Class 11 and have to decide which science subjects are ideal for studying. Based on common preferences, students choose PCM or PCB. To make a better choice, you need to analyse the points related to PCM Vs PCB.

The common subject combinations will be discussed here to help you find the right path and make informed decisions. Let us delve deeper into these subject combinations for the Class 11 science curriculum and focus on making a good choice.

What and How to Choose a Subject Combination?
Also Read: Streams in Class 11: How to Choose for a Better Academic Decision?

Subject Combinations for Class 11 Science

Before entering the Class 11 level of education, students will have to choose a subject combination. This combination is technically a list of chosen subjects available for studying in specific education boards. For instance, the most common choices of Class 11 Science subject combinations are:

  1. PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics)

  2. PCB (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)

  3. PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology)

What are PCB and PCM? These are the common terms the students of Class 11 Science use to signify subject combinations. Let us elaborate on the purpose of these subject combinations with examples. It will help you to make an informed decision for your professional career.

Class 11 PCM: Ideal for Engineering and Other Technical Streams

We now know PCM's full form. This Class 11 subject combination focuses on the scientific concepts and principles of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The national and state boards have curated the ideal syllabuses for these subjects to develop a strong conceptual foundation among the aspirants.

With this foundation, they will pursue engineering, core science and applied-science courses in the future. The sorted subjects comprise the chapters that allow students to learn new concepts, develop their knowledge and pursue a professional course after completing Class 12. You will gain a clear mindset of what you want to become and what courses you can pursue at graduation and post-graduation. The basic factors for choosing PCM are:

Eligibility to Choose PCM in Class 11

Generally, the eligibility criteria for choosing PCM is an aggregate of 60% marks at the secondary level of education. It varies from school to school.

Graduation Courses After PCM in Class 12

After 12, you will choose a graduation course based on your subject combination. If you choose PCM, you can go with engineering (BE/BTech), science courses (BSc), and other technical courses such as BCA. You can also go for management courses (BBA).

Your Academic Skills Required in PCM

You must develop basic skills while pursuing this subject combination to proceed ahead. The skills are:

  • Computational skills

  • Communication skills

  • Mathematical skills

  • Problem-solving and analytical skills

  • Reasoning skills

All these skills will help you choose a proper professional platform to set your career on.

Future Scope in Opting PCM in Class 12

This subject combination will help you pursue jobs in different sectors of engineering, technology, research, analytics, management, etc.

Class 11 PCB: Good Stream for Medical and Biology Aspirants

The PCB full form explains that Biology is a crucial part of this subject combination. Medical and biological science aspirants choose this subject combination. Due to the presence of Biology in the curriculum, aspirants can pursue courses related to medical and biological sciences.

This subject combination aims to develop a conceptual foundation of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Based on the concepts developed, you can choose professional medical science, healthcare courses, etc. Aspirants become doctors, dieticians, healthcare specialists, researchers, etc. If you want to study Botany, Zoology and Physiology, this is the right subject combination.

Here is the list of factors to follow:

Eligibility to Choose PCB in Class 11

An aggregate of 60% marks in the secondary-level exam is what you need. This is the prime factor followed by schools in general. This eligibility criterion can vary.

Graduation Courses After PCB in Class 12

The list of graduation courses you can choose after Class 12 is also a prime factor here. You can study MBBS, BDS, or BSc in Biological Sciences, Dietetics, etc. Based on your academic performance and aptitude, you can make the right choice after completing your higher secondary level of education.

Skills You Need During PCB in Class 11th & 12th

To become an avid PCB student, develop these basic skills and choose a graduation course.

  • Vast knowledge of science subjects

  • Human physiology

  • Zeal to learn technological applications and concepts in your career

  • Analytical skills

  • Communication skills

Based on your skill set, you can make a great choice after Class 12.

Future Scope in PCB 

There are multiple domains to pursue a professional career. Biological sciences include botany, zoology and physiology as the prime three pillars. There are core and applied for science courses in these domains you can study at the graduation level.

PCMB: All-Subject Combination

As the acronym suggests, it combines Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology. Students choose this combination to study all four subjects and increase their scope of choosing professional courses. These aspirants prepare for engineering and medical entrance exams.

Even though the Class 11 and 12 syllabuses become strenuous, aspirants prefer this combination for applied, core and interdisciplinary science courses such as bioengineering, biotechnology, etc.


Now that we have compared these subject combinations, it is time for you to decide which is the best PCM or PCB. Focus on your preferences, suitability and conceptual grasp to choose a subject combination and follow your passion for making the right choice. Seek professional assistance from our experts to make the right decision.

FAQs on PCM Vs PCB: Which is the Right Class 11 Science Subject Combination

1. Which subject is best for engineering in Class 11?

From the above discussion, it is clear that Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (PCM) are the right subjects to add to your Class 11 curriculum to develop your scientific concepts.

2. Can I prepare for engineering and medical entrance exams at the same time?

The PCMB subject combination prepares you for engineering and medical entrance exams. The syllabus will be comparatively bigger than PCB and PCM combinations.

3. How can I pick a subject combination for Class 11?

Consider the subjects you like to study in Class 11. Make sure you like studying new scientific and mathematical concepts. Find out the subject list and then choose a subject combination accordingly.