Hint: Hydropower plant produces electric energy from the water stored on the dam, this is eco-friendly and renewable as compared to other sources of power. Hydropower conversion is the most efficient way to generate electricity.
Complete step-by-step solution: The hydropower plant uses the potential energy of water stored in the dam to rotate a turbine. The energy of the falling water gets converted into electrical energy. Initially, the kinetic energy is converted into mechanical energy by a turbine and then the mechanical energy is converted to electrical energy by a generator. Water that is pumped uphill into reservoirs during periods of low demand is then released for a generation when the demand is high. Therefore, the energy conversion that takes place in a hydropower plant is the potential energy to kinetic energy. And then kinetic energy into mechanical energy, which is later converted into electrical energy. Additional Information: Other forms of electricity generation include tidal stream generators where the energy from tidal power is generated from oceans, rivers, and human-made canal systems for generating electricity. Electricity is an essential component of our 21st-century living. Electricity is used to run many electrical components like TV, fridge, washing machine, and so on in households. In industries, it is used to run machines. And in agriculture, it is used for irrigation purposes.
Note: Water that is pumped uphill into reservoirs during periods of low demand is released for a generation when the demand is high. Hydropower is power generated from the flow of water, thus they are eco-friendly as they don’t harm the environment and renewable as the water can be used again for the generation of electricity.