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Which of the following phosphorus is the most reactive?
A. Red phosphorus
B. White phosphorus
C. Scarlet phosphorus
D. Violet phosphorus

Last updated date: 19th May 2024
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Hint: We need to see, there are distinctive allotropic types of phosphorus present in nature. The significant allotropic types of phosphorus are white phosphorus, dark phosphorus, and red phosphorus. Among them, white phosphorus is the most unstable, the most unsteady, the most un-thick, the most responsive, and the most poisonous allotropic types of phosphorus. Likewise, it progressively changes to red phosphorus, a change that is sped up by light and warmth.

Complete answer:
We can see, the white phosphorus is a clear waxy strong that rapidly gets yellow when presented to light. Because of this, it is otherwise, called yellow phosphorus. It sparkles greenish in shading in obscurity when it is presented to oxygen. It is profoundly combustible, and pyrophoric and self-touching off when it interacts with air. The scent of burning has a trademark garlic smell, and there are tests that are usually covered with while diphosphorus pentoxide. It comprises ${P_4}{H_{10}}$ tetrahedral with oxygen, which is embedded between the phosphorus iotas and at their vertices. Additionally, white phosphorus is marginally solvent in water. Subsequently, we can store it submerged. Undoubtedly, it is protected from oneself lighting property when it is lowered in water. We can see that it is solvent in oils, benzene, disulfur dichloride, and carbon disulfide. Along these lines, we can presume that white phosphorus is the most responsive.

Hence, the correct option is (B).

We can see, the white allotrope is created utilizing a few unique strategies. In the mechanical interaction, the phosphate rock gets warmed in a fuel-singed or electric heater within the sight of carbon and silica. Additionally, natural phosphorus is then freed as a fume and afterward it tends to be gathered under the presence of phosphoric corrosive. Additionally, we see the white phosphorus is poisonous in nature.
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