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Which of the following laws says if any MLA or MP changes the party, he or she will lose the seat in the legislature?
A. Anti-Defection Law
B. Anti-Criminal Law
C. Anti-Movement Law
D. None of these

Last updated date: 11th Jun 2024
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Hint:The law came into force in the 52nd Amendment in the Constitution Act, 1985. It was passed by Lok Sabha on 30th January 1985. It was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 31st January 1985.

Complete answer:
Option A, Anti-Defection Law was introduced by Rajiv Gandhi and commenced on 15th February 1985. The law is mentioned in the 10th schedule of Constitution of India for catering the needs of instability practiced by the elected legislators in the Parliament of India. In this, the parties disobeyed various decisions such as disobeying critical decisions during voting, shift in the political parties which they earlier supported, betrayal to the people which led to corruption on the political system and other aspects in the nation. One of the prominent examples was performed by Gaya Lal in which he changed the parties thrice in a single day and gave birth to a famous expression, ‘Aaya Ram Gaya Ram.’
nti-Defection Law mentioned in the Constitution consists of 7 paragraphs which are-
Paragraph 1 - Interpretation
Paragraph 2 - Disqualification on grounds of defection
Paragraph 3 – Disqualification on ground of defection not to apply in case of merger
Paragraph 4 – Exemption to the Speaker, Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Houses
Paragraph 5 – Decision on questions as to disqualification on ground of defection
Paragraph 6 – Bar of jurisdiction of courts
Paragraph 7 – Rules.

Therefore, the correct answer is Option A, i.e. Anti-Defection Law.

Note:The present Vice-President is Venkaiah Naidu from 11th August 2017. The Vice-President holds the office for a period of five years. Article 69 states about the Oath taken by the Vice- President.