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Which of the following fundamental rights is also available to a foreigner on the soil of India?
A)Equality of opportunity in the matter of public employment.
B)Freedoms of movement, residence and profession.
C)Protection from discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste or sex.
D)Protection of life and personal liberty against action without authority of law.

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Last updated date: 22nd Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: There are some rights which people must enjoy. In particular, there are rights which must be guaranteed to every person in a democratic country like ours. Similarly, there are also tasks that democratic people must perform. This is why India's Constitution grants its people certain rights. They are referred to as Fundamental Rights.

Complete answer:
Foreigners enjoy few fundamental rights too such as :
Article 14: Equality and equal treatment under laws before the law.
Article 20: Immunity with regard to convictions for crimes.
Article 21: Life and personal liberty security.


Still lets see other options :
Equality of opportunity in the matter of public employment : This fundamental right is only applicable to citizens of India ,not for foreigners thus this option is wrong.
Freedoms of movement, residence and profession : This fundamental right is only applicable to citizens of India ,not for foreigners thus this option is wrong.
Protection from discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste or sex : This fundamental right is only applicable to citizens of india ,not for foreigners thus this option is wrong.
Protection of life and personal liberty against action without authority of law. : This fundamental right is applicable to both citizens of india and foreigners thus this option is the correct answer.

Hence, the correct answer is option (D)

Note: The fundamental right to the protection of life and personal liberty against conduct without jurisdiction is open to foreigners on the soil of India.
Article 21 of the Constitution enshrines this basic right.
Article 21 reads as follows: 'Except in accordance with the procedure laid down by liberty of rights, no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty.'